A 68-year-old man died when his car was involved in a collision in Eckington on Thursday evening.
The man, who has not yet been named, was driving a silver Peugeot along the B6056 Dronfield Road close to the Total garage when it was in collision with a black Vauxhall Astra.
Fire crews from Chesterfield and Staveley were called to the incident at around 7.20pm after one of the cars caught fire.
Fire fighters used cutting gear to free a man who police say was local. He was then airlifted to the Northern General Hospital in Sheffield where he died.
Police are appealing for information and would particularly like to hear from the occupants of a blue Ford Transit Van who they believe may have witnessed the accident.
Call 0345 1233333 and ask for the investigating officer PC 2858 Wilson.