1471 - In England, the Yorkists defeated the Landcastrians at the battle of Tewkesbury in the War of the Roses.
1626 - Dutch explorer Peter Minuit landed on Manhattan Island. Native Americans later sold the island (20,000 acres) for $24 in cloth and buttons.
1715 - A French manufacturer debuted the first folding umbrella.
1886 - Chichester Bell and Charles S. Tainter patented the gramophone. It was the first practical phonograph.
1930 - Mahatma Gandhi was arrested by the British.
1942 - The Battle of the Coral Sea commenced as American and Japanese carriers launched their attacks at each other.
1942 - The United States began food rationing.
1979 - Margaret Thatcher became Britain’s first woman prime minister.
1987 - Live models were used for the first time in Playtex bra ads.
2000 - Londoners elected their mayor for the first time.
2003 - ‘Idaho Gem’ was born. He was the first member of the horse family to be cloned.
2010 - Pablo Picasso’s “Nude, Green Leaves and Bust” sold for $106.5 million.