Half dolls were essentially that, half a doll. They typically stood waist high with head and arms and were used as a decorative item.
The upper bodies were usually attached to cloth skirts that were either stuffed to be used as a pincushion or used to cover household items such as teapots or powder boxes.
Some later versions had separate legs which were attached to a base under the fabric skirt.
There is reference made to these pincushion dolls in the mid-18th century, however, it wasn’t until later in the 19th century and early 20th century that the half dolls were in popular demand – and it was short lived as by the 1940s production had dwindled and eventually ceased altogether.
The majority of half dolls were made from porcelain or bisque but examples made from wood and wax can also be found.
Key factories include Dressel & Kister, Goebel and Heubach. Some designs were very simple, while others were highly stylised, particularly the later 1920s and 30s examples when the half dolls were extremely popular and followed the clothing and hair fashions of the period.
Some half dolls were even left completely naked and bald and clothes and wigs were fitted after.
The value of the half doll is placed principally in the form of the doll.
If the piece is made all in one mould, with arms tucked close into the main body then these tend to hold the least value.
More desirable examples will have gaps between the arms and bodies, showing several moulds were used, with the best having outstretched arms or even added accessories like handheld flowers.
Large examples and those still retaining original skirts are also desirable to collectors.